There are positive utopias (dreamscapes)
dealing with (optimistic) aspects of saving the world and then
there are negative utopias (nightmares)
considering (pessimistically) what happens
if we do not succeed in keeping humanity on this planet alive:
the “Worst-Case Scenarios”
or “Doomsday Arguments”.
To “blacken” ecological consciousness
might hurry up our urgency
of getting out of the hungriest abyss of neoliberal life
we live in.
In his (already classical) term of Epistemological Anarchism
Austrian-American philosopher of science Paul Feyerabend claims that
“because there is no fixed scientific method,
it is best to have an ´anything goes´ attitude
toward methodologies” and
“it is not possible to come up with an unambiguous way
to distinguish science from religion, magic or mythology”.
Synapses of mythical and mystical,
scientific and fictitious aspects,
fantasies and psycho-analytical approach
should be intertwined together
if we wanna imagine any plasticity of future
of (hopefuly non-hegemonical) cosmologies.
Hungarian-British polymath Michael Polanyi,
the founder of Society for freedom in science (1939,
who has largely inspired Feyerabend),
claims not to be devoted to any particular sect
but being rather eclectic by nature,
through an amplification of Horace who
(in his glorious, fundamental “Epistle”)
“(being) not obliged to swear allegiance to a master,
wherever the storm drags me to,
I turn in as a guest.”
It is an expression of the determination of fellows
to withstand the domination of authority
and to verify all statements by an appeal to facts
determined by experiment.
“Nullius in verba”
(“on the word of no-one”)
is the motto of the Royal Society in London
since 1660 as well.
Polanyi argued that a structure of liberty
is essential for the advancement of science
—that the subjective freedom to pursue science for its own sake
is a prerequisite for the production of knowledge
through peer review and the scientific method
—naming it “spontaneous order”
(in other words “self-organisation”,
appropriating it from Gestalt psychology).
He extended this into a general thesis on free societies.
Polanyi defended a free society not on the negative grounds
that we ought to respect "private liberties",
but on the positive grounds
that "public liberties" facilitate our pursuit of objective ideals.
Polanyi advocated a post-criticality,
calling it tacit knowledge,
in which we recognise that
“we believe more than we can prove” and
“know more than we can say”.
Freedom (self-organisation) is associated with forms of Ocean colonisation,
that are realised because of expected floods
produced as a consequence of global warming,
the expansion of livable area,
appetence for industrialisation of hidden natural sources,
desire for alternative sovereignty / novel forms of self-governance
—ontological, economical, political extension or detachment or
exoticism = new recreational activities.
Freedom (pluralist as we understand it since Romanticism) is ambivalent here as well:
there are those dreamy idealists
—who search for autonomy; and
there are various criminal-minds
—who search for opportunities there too.
International waters interest libertarians and neo-liberals, oligarchs,
from right and left anarchists to ultra fascist naturists
and other cosmocratic and smaller felons:
“In the water sector emerging deficiencies of public systems
and the budget crisis of governments
resulted into increased water user participation.
Understanding the apparently increasing smidgeon of anarchy in the water sector
includes the appreciation of the complexity of governance developments
such as the introduction of
Participatory Irrigation Management Transfer,
Integrated Water Resource Management,
Basin Councils and
as well as the limited role of non-governmental and grassroots organisations,
considered the ‘magic-bullet’
in taking over and providing state services to the public.
We conclude that governance
is anarchy by other means.”
as Kai Wegerich from Irrigation and Water Engineering Group declares.
His colleague Stephen Colombi
(a palaeontologist and egyptologist
with an expert-affiliation to ancient engineering)
calls this phenomenon “basin crisis”.
He describes close future as “hydrocentricity”.
Oceans are battle-fields of freedoms for centuries:
pirates, bucaneers and colonisers, traffickers, slavers.
As Emmanuel Levinas mentions in his fabled Talmudic Readings, 1968:
“...all that can ever be thought
has been thought of already...”
(Levinas actualy interprets Goethe´s proposal, 1790)
there was huge number of ideas of eschatological-human-outpost structures in the history,
notorious ship Ark Noah´s,
flying chariot of Ezekiel,
apocalyptic visions of heaven in the revelations (or better hallucinations) of St. John,
or Hindu aerial car of gods Vimāna,
which relates both to explicit aeronautics as well as to tacit mental-channeling
(correlation between the inner and outter,
intimacy and extimacy…).
There is Nordic myth of floating continent of Asgard
and in the “Voyage#III” Jonathan Swift sends Gulliver to travel to Laputa
—an island flying in the air.
The city of Laputa is inhabited by ignorant, prideful scientists.
Laputans are interested in uplifting ideas only
—it makes them arrogantly supercilious,
divided from the rest of the society in the most literal way.
Swift’s Voyage#III (1727) is considered as the very first form of science-fiction writing
because of highly advanced technical description of magnetic levitation of Laputa
and reasonable predictions of orbits and periods of Mars,
which was not discovered until 1877.
Swift concentrates his satiric tractatus
on people's pride in reason
which was in his era valued above all other faculties,
which is indicated by the name of this floating platform
—Laputa comes from Spanish “la puta” = “the whore”.
Swift was following Martin Luther's description of reason as a
“Devil´s bride, pretty street-girl, greatest whore” (1546)
who became infuriated with reason
(the foetus of modern science)
because some of his opponents
were using it to deny his emphasis on faith.
Luther´s affiliation is a perfect example of the “dark-wing” of the Enlightment,
which through “blackening” the reason
(from the opposite perspective)
still addresses inclination of contemporary sciences
for being the most hegemonic religion of all—Scientism.
In terms of future settlements we have to think much further than
“Free oceans will save us!”,
The pioneering article “The Millennial Project: Colonising the Galaxy in Eight Easy Steps”
by Marshall T. Savage, 1994,
describes the darkest phenomenons of the survival
via the field of exploratory engineering
and gives a series of concrete stages
of civilisational re-start in interstellar colonisation.
In the line of many recent eschatologies
(and industries of fear)
Stephen Hawking warns
that the natural resources vital to our survival are running out faster
than we can replace them with sustainable alternatives.
“The long-term future of the human race must be in space.
It will be difficult enough to avoid disaster on planet Earth
in the next hundred years.
The human race shouldn't have all its eggs in one basket,
or on one planet.
Let's hope we can avoid dropping the basket
until we have spread the load.”
and here he goes more recently:
“Today (May 2016) Yuri Milner (Russian entrepreneur) and I
launched a mission to the stars.
Mark Zuckerberg (American entrepreneur)
lent his support by joining the board of our new initiative—Breakthrough Starshot
which aims to develop a ‘lightsail-nanocraft’
—a gram-scale robotic space probe
—and use a light beam to push it to 20% of the speed of light.
A mission could reach Alpha Centauri
about 20 years after launch,
and send back images of any planets discovered in the system.
Einstein once imagined riding on a light beam,
and his thought-experiment led him to the theory of special relativity.
We have the chance to attain a significant fraction of that speed:
100 million miles an hour.
Only by going that fast
we can reach the stars on the time-scale of a human life.”
Hawking does not call this tiny vehicle “star-ship” but “star-chip”.
he wants to reach the same star as Hitler
and occult Thule Gesselschaft
(previously die Alldeutsche Gesellschaft für Metaphysik)
planned to achieve with their Vril-flying-saucers.
Alpha Centauri means ”the first bull´s eye”
and is the visual radix of the mystical letter-sign-symbol Aleph.
Our fate on this planet is certain:
“The Sun's slow expansion
will cause the temperature at the surface of the Earth to rise.
Oceans will evaporate,
and the atmosphere will become laden with water vapor,
which (like carbon dioxide) is a very effective greenhouse gas.
Oceans will boil dry.
In a billion years from now
the Earth will be an uninhabitable ball.”,
astrophysicist Robert Smith (University of Sussex) claims, 2008.
Contrarian John Tierney
(following hypotheses of John Richard Gott III)
is even more radical,
he says we need to get a colony up and running on Mars already within 46 years
in his “A Survival Imperative for Space Colonisation”, 2007.
Space colonisation is a cataclysmic format
for which numerous lobbyists at US Congress
fight since the end of 1980s,
trying to establish the “Space Settlement Act”
—the legislation of space colonisation.
The Space Settlement Institute—non-profit association
founded to promote the human colonisation and settlement of outer space,
believes that private industry,
must assume the lead in space settlement efforts.
The Institute's mission includes:
identification of financial and other incentives
to motivate private industry to fulfill such a role,
removal of regulatory, legal, and psychological barriers
to private sector efforts in space.
Their arguments rely on precedents
of governmental donations of land to homesteaders in Northern America
in 18th and 19th centuries (!!!).
In the sense of an exposure of “private”
we should (retrofuturistically) name these space-settlers new “privateers”.
Deep Space Industries is an asteroid mining company
developing the technologies to find, harvest, and supply
the outer resources that will transform the space economy.
DSI believe in an “unlimited future”
while Dmitry Itskov
(another Russian emerging technologies entrepreneur)
speaks about “infinite lifespan”
via his exclusive immortality project called 2045.
“Deep” is down—the apparent bottomless of waters and earths.
“Deep” is up—the unembraceable infinity of cosmos.
The Alliance to Rescue Civilisation aspires to establishing
a backup of human-civilisation-facility
to be built on the Moon during NASA's plan to return there by 2024
(NASA identifies space colonisation
as the ultimate goal of its spaceflight programs since 2005).
This archive-facility would serve to repopulate the Earth
after any worldwide disaster, preserving as much as possible
of both the sciences and the arts.
Their project was described as “Armageddon Insurance”
by Spiegel magazine, 2007.
The Alliance to Rescue Civilisation is linked to Lifeboat Foundation
which is developing the biggest online world-class think-tank
with a cognitive diversity of philosophers, economists, biologists, nanotechnologists,
AI researchers, policy experts, lawyers, ethicists, futurists, neuroscientists, space-experts
to encourage scientific advancements
while helping humanity survive existential risks and possible misuse
of increasingly powerful technologies,
as we move towards the Singularity.
(their slogan is “save-guarding humanity”)
divides the phenomenon of catastrophe to 4 main categories:
The only physical outer human-outpost so far
is the International Space Station
—the largest artificial satellite in low Earth orbit launched into space in 1998.
The ISS is not only the sucessful technological experiment
but also sustainable example of transnational / suprapolitical society of the future
—metabiotic cooperation of USA and Russia;
Amongst objective dark-ecological reasons
—terms of human outpost, phobias, panics, hysterias, conspiration-theories
psycho-socially rise out of something simmilar
of what Peter Sloterdijk discussed
in his glorious Spheres Trilogy which consists of
Bubbles: Microspherology (the discovery of self),
Globes: Macrospherology (the exploration of world),
Foams: Plural Spherology (the poetics of plurality).
Spheres Trilogy deals with such spaces of coexistence
which are commonly overlooked or taken for granted, or forgotten.
From these microspheres (ontological relations such as foetus-placenta)
to macrospheres (macro-uteri such as nations or states)
Sloterdijk analyzes environments where humans try
but fail to dwell
—and traces a connection between vital crisis
and crisis created when a sphere shatters.
Crisis is like pain
—it reminds us
(but, in a mean-time, apparently so trivial)
presence of our own body.
Earth / nature is our body.
I am particle of the body of Earth.
Estonian-American neuro-psychobiologist Jaak Panksepp
proposed simmilar aspect in his hypothesis of “separation-distress”
years before Sloterdijk:
the most cruel expulsion from the mother's womb /
the most cruel impossibility of return back to the mother's womb,
which humans try to recreate through science, ideology and religion.
Culture fights against Nature.
Mother turns to God:
Latin Terra Mater,
Mesoamerican Pachamama or
Pan-African amphibian goddess of vitality Mami Wata.
Oceanic, Aquatic, Hydrocentric, Charter or
Extraterritorial and Extraterrestrial or Galactic settlement or steading
or already real-estate,
Planetary habitability, Terraforming, International space
inhabited by Interstellar society
are terms of the debate on the Emerging Colonisation
(simmilar to what Transhumanism discusses around human body).
It is the discourse of Colonisophobes
and anti-regulatory Colonisophiles
Words do not cary any aesthetical, ethical or moral permanence,
words are not polarised on their own.
Words receive and carry exerted meanings
(of their users’ benevolence or strategic manipulation)
which obviously morph to carcinogenic prejudices.
We should neutralise, purify, disinfect those exerted layers of vocabulaties
(especially in the line of extreme acceleration
of neo-neo-colonial expansion of human-race).
We should keep to question contextual / neuro-plastic senses of words
—especially “freedom” / “liberty”, “anarchy”
again and again.